Turkmen people are hardworking. Their poetic spirit reflects to their behaviors. They prove their ability to jevelry art, carpet weaving art, silvery art, wood art, leather embroidery, ceramic industry and silk industry.
The gold embroidery of Turkmen artist is known in all over the world. Goldsmitlis create marvellous designed particle and ornaments. The technical quality of gold ornaments are staved beyond centuries without changing.
Turkmen ornaments reminds Amazon's armours. Historians who had lived ancient times, have written Amazons were living insides of the frontiers of Turkmenistan. These legendary warriors had lived in modern Turkmenistan land. The head-dresses of girls (gupbo) remind war helmets. Silvery plates which are worn on gown describe war scenes. They are called «chaprazchanna»  and «bilezik».
It would not be a lie if we say that Turkmen carpets are known as the best carpets in the world. In ancient times, Parthian carpets were very valuable. By the silk road, they were sending to far countries. In arheological works, some carpets were found in pieces in old city Merv. They were worn two tousands years ago. Marco Polo had written about these carpets that he admired them. These admirable features of Turkmen carpets go on up to now.
Saying they are using by fifty countries will be enough to explain the quality of Turkmen carpets. One of them is 193 metersquare. Its name is «Turkmen Heart» and worn by Turkmen women.


Their national dress and ornaments are among the most apparent features of the Turkmens. A Turkmen is recognised first from his/her dress. These garments have reached our day without any change from centuries ago.
Men usually wear as national dress the black telpek sewn from sheepskin, a turban, a long shirt with a decorated collar, baggy trousers and a caftan. Girls’ long dresses with decorated sleeves and collars run in a single piece to their wrists and heels. Braiding their hair and putting various ornaments on their hair-ends, girls wear a head scarf. The garments are sewn using fabrics with bright colours such as red, green, violet and blue. In the months of winter and spring, girls also wear caftans with various motifs.
The ornaments and decorations of Turkmen brides, which are made of metals like gold, silver, copper and iron, are known for their originality and variety. Of these ornaments and decorations which travellers visiting Turkmenistan speak of praisingly, the most important ones are the following: the quppa with a shelpe which is placed on the headwear; shelpes, tenges, chenysks and buttons worn on the hair; pearls, and beads worn on the neck; "rose-collars" and tumars of various sizes which are worn on the chest; shelpes and sound-making buttons also worn on the chest; bracelets and rings worn on the arm and fingers; chap razes put on the caftan; hairpins-and other ornaments. In addition, amulets wrapped in a triangular piece of cloth or leather which contain verses or a prayer are used as protection against the evil eye. Furthermore, young girls and brides wear wool and silk belts, red threads, hand-woven socks and knee-guards.

Text by: SIBNET



Embroidery and knitted articles (Old dresses):





To see more;
Visit Dr. Farzad Marjani's Private Collection.

Dr. Farzad MARJANI, Civil Engineer, Ph.D.
Ankara - TURKEY

TEL      : +90 - 312 280 82 16
FAX     : +90 - 312 280 67 20
EMAIL : farzad@turkmens.com